Building a website for the first time can be a tough task. The major hindrance can be getting to know and understand the technology and terminology that can be complicated. The web is rapidly evolving with fast moving changes in the way technology and humans communicate with each other. Here are some terms which a web designer must be aware of, which will help in understanding and creating the website.
- Domain Name
A domain consists of a set of network addresses. It is the kind of identification label which defines the authority control in the internet. Domain names are the hostnames which helps in identifying internet protocol resources such as websites. These are formed using DNS. Domain names are used in URLs to identify particular Web pages. For example, in the URL http://www.pcwebopedia.com/index.html, the domain name is pcwebopedia.com.
- Web Hosting
It is internet based hosting service which allows organizations and individuals to make their own websites. The space on server and internet connectivity is provided by web hosts to their clients. The basic type of web hosting service is uploading a file via FTP or web interface. There are many more type of web hosting services.
In IT, a server is a computer system on a network that provides services to other systems and manages network resources. There are different types of servers like file server, print server, database server, web server etc. Being specific about web, a web server is the computer program, installed/housed in a computer that serves requested HTML pages or files. The web browser in a computer is a client that requests HTML files from Web Server.
- URL- Uniform Resource locator
It is the global name and address of documents and all other resources on the World Wide Web. It is the string which specifies the address of the known resource over the internet. It is a unique address for each file available over the internet. A way to enter a website is by entering its URL In the web browsers address bar.
It is an organized collection of data, usually in a digital form. The term database means that data is managed to some level of quality, measured in term of accuracy, availability, usability, and resilience. As the website grows, website could have so much information that visitor’s can’t quickly find what they want to give you information. This issue can be solved by building a database on a website.
CMS helps in managing the organization’s unstructured information content, documents, details and records, with all its diversity of format and location. It mainly focuses on commercial organizations. CMS’s main purpose is to streamline access, eliminate bottlenecks, optimize security and maintain integrity. For a website, it makes the management simplified by managing the storage, security, control etc. Its benefits are that it strongly helps in improving efficiency, maintaining control and reducing costs.
- Static Websites
These are the websites which contain web pages with fixed content. Its each page is coded in HTML and it displays the same information to each and every visitor. Such web pages are very easy to create, by publishing the HTML coded web pages on the server. Such sites do not require any sort of programming or database designing. Content of each page do not change until and unless it is manually updated. Such sites are often designed using templates which makes it possible to update several pages at once, and also maintaining consistency in layout of the whole website.
- Dynamic Websites
Web pages of such websites are prepared with fresh information, for each individual viewing. It changes with the time, user, user interaction, context etc. the dynamism of the website lies in both in client side scripting and service side scripting. Such pages change in an automatic way. These can change every time they are loaded. Dynamic websites are built using database designs and different programming languages as well as the coding part of HTML.
- Shopping Cart
It is the kind of feature added to various e-commerce websites, which helps and assists people making online purchases. It allows online shopping customers to accumulate the complete list of their selected items of purchase, being placed on the shopping cart. On checking out, the total bill amount of the order including shipping and handling charges and with tax charges are displayed to the user.
- E-commerce websitesE-commerce websi
tes are nothing but electronic commerce websites. These websites provides business in the online environment. All the deal, transactions takes place over the internet only. Such websites are being built with the main purpose of online sales. Such sites help us to buy or sell products or services online. Designs of such have to be very attractive to attract more visitors.
- Payment Gateway
It is an e-commerce application service provider which is used to authorize and make successful payments for online businesses. It helps in sophisticated payment solutions to tap enormous opportunities for global internet transactions.
These all terminologies should be understood completely so that to make a good website.